HIV: MEDICAL TREATMENTS-EXPERIMENTAL DRUGS AND CLINICAL TRIALS: ADVANTAGES OF PARTICIPATING IN A CLINICAL TRIAL

March 27th, 2011

The advantages of participating in trials usually include the following:
1. New drugs: Usually, people have access to a new and unlicensed drug only by participating in a clinical trial. The exception is the parallel program, which still makes special demands on the physician and the participant to adhere to protocol requirements.
2. Extraordinary medical care: In clinical trials, the participant is monitored extensively in order to evaluate the drug’s effectiveness and toxicity. The advantage to the participant is the extraordinary medical care that accompanies monitoring. Moreover, the research groups that conduct clinical trials are usually composed of health care providers who are devoted to controlling this disease and who are important sources of new information and new treatment. Participants in clinical trials may find comfort in receiving care from health care providers who have good credentials and clear commitment, and who are working at the cutting edge of the field.
3. Free care: Most participants in clinical trials receive drugs and medical care related to the trial free of charge. The costs are usually covered by the research grant that supports the trial or by the manufacturer, who is interested either in FDA approval or in favorable publicity. However, the participant should not assume that all costs of medical care associated with HIV infection are likely to be included. Most trials provide the drug and the cost of monitoring for safety and effectiveness. They do not provide the cost of care for any complications of HIV infection. Some trials are designed to provide the drug and the cost of monitoring only if the participants are not covered by insurance.
4. Altruism: The advantages listed so far provide direct benefits to the person participating. Participating in a clinical trial also serves a greater need. Medical scientists, people with HIV infection, and people at risk for HIV infection all need more information about new drugs for treating HIV infection. Even the participant who does not benefit directly will nevertheless make a contribution to the welfare of others with or without HIV infection.
*186\191\2*

HIV: MEDICAL TREATMENTS-EXPERIMENTAL DRUGS AND CLINICAL TRIALS: ADVANTAGES OF PARTICIPATING IN A CLINICAL TRIALThe advantages of participating in trials usually include the following:1. New drugs: Usually, people have access to a new and unlicensed drug only by participating in a clinical trial. The exception is the parallel program, which still makes special demands on the physician and the participant to adhere to protocol requirements.2. Extraordinary medical care: In clinical trials, the participant is monitored extensively in order to evaluate the drug’s effectiveness and toxicity. The advantage to the participant is the extraordinary medical care that accompanies monitoring. Moreover, the research groups that conduct clinical trials are usually composed of health care providers who are devoted to controlling this disease and who are important sources of new information and new treatment. Participants in clinical trials may find comfort in receiving care from health care providers who have good credentials and clear commitment, and who are working at the cutting edge of the field.3. Free care: Most participants in clinical trials receive drugs and medical care related to the trial free of charge. The costs are usually covered by the research grant that supports the trial or by the manufacturer, who is interested either in FDA approval or in favorable publicity. However, the participant should not assume that all costs of medical care associated with HIV infection are likely to be included. Most trials provide the drug and the cost of monitoring for safety and effectiveness. They do not provide the cost of care for any complications of HIV infection. Some trials are designed to provide the drug and the cost of monitoring only if the participants are not covered by insurance.4. Altruism: The advantages listed so far provide direct benefits to the person participating. Participating in a clinical trial also serves a greater need. Medical scientists, people with HIV infection, and people at risk for HIV infection all need more information about new drugs for treating HIV infection. Even the participant who does not benefit directly will nevertheless make a contribution to the welfare of others with or without HIV infection.*186\191\2*

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BACH FLOWER REMEDIES: WHITE CHESTNUT – MR. SONI’S CASE

March 15th, 2011

Mr. Soni had an uncanny gift of producing some very bright ideas, but he could never benefit from his schemes because the execution part of the scheme was very poor. His brain produced good schemes, but they remained either in his brain or on paper and were never properly executed. Naturally he did not make much headway on the pecuniary side.
The ever-rising prices of commodities in the market created a fear in his mind about the future. How would he be able to make his both ends meet? This thought haunted him and depressed his spirits. He lost his appetite and his sleep. Dark rings around his eyes showed his physical weakness.
Mimulus (for fear of future) and White Chestnut as his constitutional medicine (poor execution of good schemes) were prescribed for 2 weeks in the first instance. There was relief in his depression, fear had subsided and appetite restored. After 2 weeks White Chestnut alone was continued for 4 months which brought back normal health and cheer in his life.
*208\308\8*

BACH FLOWER REMEDIES: WHITE CHESTNUT – MR. SONI’S CASEMr. Soni had an uncanny gift of producing some very bright ideas, but he could never benefit from his schemes because the execution part of the scheme was very poor. His brain produced good schemes, but they remained either in his brain or on paper and were never properly executed. Naturally he did not make much headway on the pecuniary side.The ever-rising prices of commodities in the market created a fear in his mind about the future. How would he be able to make his both ends meet? This thought haunted him and depressed his spirits. He lost his appetite and his sleep. Dark rings around his eyes showed his physical weakness.Mimulus (for fear of future) and White Chestnut as his constitutional medicine (poor execution of good schemes) were prescribed for 2 weeks in the first instance. There was relief in his depression, fear had subsided and appetite restored. After 2 weeks White Chestnut alone was continued for 4 months which brought back normal health and cheer in his life.*208\308\8*

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HELPING YOUR CHILD COPE WITH EPILEPSY: IS YOUR CHILD DISABLED OR HANDICAPPED?

March 8th, 2011

No, there is life with and after epilepsy. Let’s talk about the important things in your child’s life—about all the times when he is not having seizures.
Society glibly says that everybody should be able to do what he wants if he tries hard enough. Clearly this is foolishness! Some people are too short to be basketball players. Others are too tall to be jockeys. Some people are not beautiful enough to be movie stars. Some wear glasses and can’t, therefore, be astronauts. In this global sense all of us are handicapped. However, we should all have the opportunity to achieve our full potential, whatever that may be. Neither society, nor parents, nor our own attitudes should be allowed to interfere with this.
Is epilepsy a “handicap”? For some it clearly is. For most, it need not be. The child whose seizures are now well controlled with medicine need not be handicapped. He can achieve his full potential, even if there will be some limitations in his choices. Crucial for your child’s future is that you not impose unreasonable limitations on his activities or aspirations, nor allow others to do so.
*186\208\8*

HELPING YOUR CHILD COPE WITH EPILEPSY: IS YOUR CHILD DISABLED OR HANDICAPPED?No, there is life with and after epilepsy. Let’s talk about the important things in your child’s life—about all the times when he is not having seizures.Society glibly says that everybody should be able to do what he wants if he tries hard enough. Clearly this is foolishness! Some people are too short to be basketball players. Others are too tall to be jockeys. Some people are not beautiful enough to be movie stars. Some wear glasses and can’t, therefore, be astronauts. In this global sense all of us are handicapped. However, we should all have the opportunity to achieve our full potential, whatever that may be. Neither society, nor parents, nor our own attitudes should be allowed to interfere with this.Is epilepsy a “handicap”? For some it clearly is. For most, it need not be. The child whose seizures are now well controlled with medicine need not be handicapped. He can achieve his full potential, even if there will be some limitations in his choices. Crucial for your child’s future is that you not impose unreasonable limitations on his activities or aspirations, nor allow others to do so.*186\208\8*

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INSULIN INJECTIONS FOR CHILDREN WITH DIABETES

February 18th, 2011

On most occasions you will be able to take your morning insulin injection at home. There is no reason for you to come home to take your evening insulin. Draw it up in the morning and put the syringe in a small case or bag. Nowadays there are several devices such as BD Lilly pen or Novopen that can easily be carried in a pocket. Even an ordinary plastic syringe with needle, filled with insulin is reasonably portable, especially if you find a carrying case which prevents the plunger being pushed in by mistake. An empty syringe with needle and bottles of insulin with a foil-wrapped swab can also be carried in a pocket or case. You can then make a quick blood glucose check and give the appropriate insulin injection wherever you are.
Wendy has had diabetes for 14 of her 20 years. “She was always so good about her injections” said her mother, “and she always ate her diet and did her tests perfectly. Now I just can’t do a thing with her. Out all hours, won’t eat what I give her, eats junk food, not a single blood test this month. What are we to do with her, doctor?” Wendy sat m her bed looking at the wall. She had just recovered from an episode °f diabetic ketoacidosis. “What do you think about your diabetes, Wendy?” I asked. “I’m fed up with it,” she replied sullenly. “What makes you most fed up?” “Having to come home for my insulin.”
During our discussion Wendy said that she felt her diabetes was stopping her from doing everything she wanted – getting a job, going 0ut with her friends, eating nice food. Life was just not worth living. Wendy and her mother seemed to be fighting over the diabetes, yet Wendy was 20 years old. From what Wendy said, all anyone ever did about her diabetes was tell her off. When I told Wendy about insulin pens which would allow her freedom to go out, her mother developed a disapproving silence. But Wendy relaxed for the first time, and smiled a little, “Could I really have one of those?” she asked. “Of course,” I said. She agreed to come to the Young Adult diabetic clinic.
*48/102/5*

INSULIN INJECTIONS FOR CHILDREN WITH DIABETES
On most occasions you will be able to take your morning insulin injection at home. There is no reason for you to come home to take your evening insulin. Draw it up in the morning and put the syringe in a small case or bag. Nowadays there are several devices such as BD Lilly pen or Novopen that can easily be carried in a pocket. Even an ordinary plastic syringe with needle, filled with insulin is reasonably portable, especially if you find a carrying case which prevents the plunger being pushed in by mistake. An empty syringe with needle and bottles of insulin with a foil-wrapped swab can also be carried in a pocket or case. You can then make a quick blood glucose check and give the appropriate insulin injection wherever you are.Wendy has had diabetes for 14 of her 20 years. “She was always so good about her injections” said her mother, “and she always ate her diet and did her tests perfectly. Now I just can’t do a thing with her. Out all hours, won’t eat what I give her, eats junk food, not a single blood test this month. What are we to do with her, doctor?” Wendy sat m her bed looking at the wall. She had just recovered from an episode °f diabetic ketoacidosis. “What do you think about your diabetes, Wendy?” I asked. “I’m fed up with it,” she replied sullenly. “What makes you most fed up?” “Having to come home for my insulin.”During our discussion Wendy said that she felt her diabetes was stopping her from doing everything she wanted – getting a job, going 0ut with her friends, eating nice food. Life was just not worth living. Wendy and her mother seemed to be fighting over the diabetes, yet Wendy was 20 years old. From what Wendy said, all anyone ever did about her diabetes was tell her off. When I told Wendy about insulin pens which would allow her freedom to go out, her mother developed a disapproving silence. But Wendy relaxed for the first time, and smiled a little, “Could I really have one of those?” she asked. “Of course,” I said. She agreed to come to the Young Adult diabetic clinic.
*48/102/5*

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THE CANDIDA-ASTHMA CONNECTION: DIAGNOSIS METHODS

February 15th, 2011

Questionnaires
All questionnaires, including the one that follows, will help you or your therapist to diagnose candida-related problems, therefore one of the most important tools for the diagnosis of candidiasis remains a thorough medical history.
In many cases a questionnaire is enough to establish at least a connection between your health problems and Candida albicans. One must be careful, however, not to rely exclusively on questionnaires because, apart from being a subjective interpretation, they may not differentiate between Candida infections or allergies as a cause, and Candida as a symptom of disease.
The most often forgotten point when relying on questionnaires is the fact that Candida albicans is an opportunistic organism and is therefore likely to cause problems as a result of something else which has upset the body’s balance in general and immunity in particular. If this is not recognised and thoroughly investigated, it is possible to waste a lot of time treating the consequences (candida infection or allergy, which in such cases are only symptoms) of a problem which remains undetected, undiagnosed and untreated. The fact that someone may initially feel better, even a lot better, when treatment directed at Candida is first started does not necessarily mean that Candida was the problem. In fact, this is usually the case when someone tries to treat candidiasis with diet alone. There is little doubt that most people will feel better if they avoid junk foods and reduce refined carbohydrates and sweets. But they would feel better on such a regimen even if they did not suffer with a Candida problem. They would also feel better if they were allergic, hypoglycaemic or had a nutritional imbalance or deficiency.
Doctors William Crook, Orion Truss and many other writers on the subject have included Candida questionnaires in their books. While some, like Dr Crook’s, are the most thorough and accurate available, others may need some updating for the 1990s. The reasons will become clear when you read the comments at the end of each question below.
When to Suspect Candida
1 If you have ever had vaginal thrush but this condition was only treated topically (vaginally) without the concurrent use of oral anti fungals and a suitable diet.
• This point is almost invariably valid in establishing at least the possibility that Candida is involved in your health problems.
2 If you have taken antibiotics, especially of the broad-spectrum variety, many times during childhood and again later on.
• This is also a good indication that Candida is a possibility. In addition, many people have taken antibiotics without ever knowing it simply because antibiotics are added to the feed of chicken, cows and pigs.
3 If you have suffered with recurrent ear infections, tinea, athlete’s foot, nail infections (paronychia), skin rashes, nappy rashes, oral thrush, colic, jock itch and allergies during infancy, childhood or since.
• This is a very good pointer, provided one understands clearly that all the symptoms mentioned are also possible results of hereditary allergies, depressed immunity and, in some cases, diseases like diabetes, AIDS and post-viral syndromes. All these are factors which can be investigated with reasonable accuracy through blood tests and further questioning and examination.
4 If your problems started after taking the oral contraceptive.
• This is often quite valid, unless the problem is a hormonal one.
5 If you are, or have been pregnant and have (had) symptoms of vaginal thrush at the time.
• Usually a valid point.
6 If you suffer from any type (there are at least five) of premenstrual syndrome.
• This is also a valid pointer, but you need to exclude the many possible causes for each type of PMS, such as APICH (Auto-immune Polyendocrinopathy Immune-dysregulation Candidiasis Hypersensitivy), thyroid problems, hormonal imbalances, hyperoestrogenism, and so on.
7 If you have suffered from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis.
• Both PID and endometriosis may be caused by a variety of factors but, if no cause has been found for their occurrence, the symptoms may be associated with undiagnosed candidiasis.
8 If you have or have had recurring nasal polyps.
• This may be due to a respiratory allergy to moulds as well as other factors, although a Candida infection or allergy can be a triggering or contributing factor.
9 If you have been treated with immuno-suppressive drugs such as steroids; cortisone; and prednisolone for skin problems, asthma, arthritis.
• A very valid point, provided one understands clearly that the patient must be thoroughly evaluated first to exclude the many other possible side effects of such drugs.
10 If your symptoms seem to be aggravated when you eat
foods containing yeast or moulds.
• A valid point but further tests are always needed to differentiate between infection and allergy.
11 If your symptoms tend to come on, or get worse, during
wet weather, on humid days, or when exposed to damp-
ness, as in cellars, attics and so on.
• Quite valid but again, a common sign of moulds allergy or intolerance. This is especially so if many of the symptoms involve the ear, nose, throat and chest and manifest as sinusitis, hay fever or asthma.
12 If you feel tired out on damp days or after working in the
garden in wet days.
• Especially valid in cases of Candida, mould/fungi allergies.
13 If you are uncomfortable around chemical pollution
such as cigarette smoke, petrol fumes, gas heater,
insecticides and perfumes.
• Although chronic Candida can trigger allergies and reduce resistance to the point where one becomes sensitive to all sorts of chemicals, such hypersensitivity is also very common in asthmatics as well as universal reactors, chronic fatigue syndrome (ME), chemical overloading/allergy, post-viral syndrome, chronic Epstein Barr, CMV, HSC post-viral syndromes and, of course, in cases of environmental illnesses. You must bear in mind, however, that Candida is a very common symptom of all those conditions. Note that it is possible for Candida albicans to facilitate, trigger or provoke those conditions as well.
14 If you experience recurrent craving for sweets, alcohol
and carbohydrates.
• Not a valid point for several reasons. First of all, cravings are associated with many other conditions such as allergies (one tends to crave what one is allergic to) and hypoglycaemia. Secondly, although many people suffering with Candida do indeed crave sweets, many actually crave the opposite type of foods — salty, cheese snacks or foods derived from or containing yeast, moulds or fungi or fermented foods. Often these will make them feel better for a while (like a hypoglycaemic eating sweets), only to cause a rebound worsening of the symptoms later on. This is especially so when the thyroid is involved, as it is in cases of APICH.
15 If you suffer from depression.
• This is one of the least valid indicators and can have dire consequences unless looked at very carefully. Depression can simply be an emotional state which results from a disease and clinical depression is a condition in its own right. It is also difficult, if not impossible, to be ill for a time without being depressed about it. That ‘about it’ is the key to many hidden dangers for  the  unsophisticated  diagnostician, because if one is depressed in general, then the clinical depression can have many very different causes, from a vitamin B12 deficiency or a lack of sunshine all the way to chemical overloading or CFS and anything in between.
16 If you are continuously tired for no reason.
• While chronic tiredness can be a useful clue, it can’t be assumed that it is caused by Candida. So many diseases, from cancer to anaemia, and so many factors, from financial difficulties to overwork, can make one feel tired all the time.
17 If you have problems concentrating, remembering
things and a general feeling of being spaced out.
• A primary symptom of chemical overloading and multiple chemical hypersensitivity syndrome (MCHS), it is nevertheless common in many other conditions such as CFS, PVS, early Alzheimer’s and hypoglycaemia. It is, however, also associated with chronic candidiasis.
18 If you have problems controlling your weight.
• While it is true that Candida sufferers often have weight problems it is equally true that one can be overweight, as well as tired, with PMS, bloating and skin rashes, as a result of a low thyroid, poor liver clearance of oestrogen and at least a dozen other causes.
19 If you experience recurring sore throats, nasal con-
gestion, hay fever, sinusitis or ear infections.
• Also common with allergies, poor immunity, intolerances, post-viral syndromes and CFS.
20 If you crave or have a subconscious preference for yeast
derived or yeast containing foods such as cheeses, beer,
wines, commercial fruit juices and vinegar.
• This is sometimes a sign of a need for supplementation with the amino acid L tyrosine.
21 If you find sweets give you a pick up but you feel worse
later on.
• This condition is always associated with hypoglycaemia and allergies but does not necessarily involve Candida problems.
22 If you have experienced recurring ear infection or have
had ‘glue ear’ as a child.
• A valid point, especially if you note that glue ear is associated with allergies and that these can predispose one to recurrent Candida infections. In addition, multiple pregnancies, chronic or repeated infections, a diet very high in sugar, recurrent cystitis, loss of libido (sexual desire) and skin problems are signs of possible Candida overgrowth or sensitisation. Affected people tend to react to yeasty, sugary foods in one of two ways: they either feel worse and suffer an aggravation of their symptoms or get a temporary lift in energy and mood.
Diagnosis by Examination
A thorough examination of the throat, ear, nose and skin can be very helpful in establishing the presence or effects of Candida infections. Especially so when one knows that the throat area is one of the most common and plentiful reservoirs of Candida albicans. This may seem rather obvious to the lay reader but I can assure you that I have seen patients who told me they had their local GP diagnose or not diagnose Candida without even looking at their mouth, let alone ears, nose and skin!
At the same time lung function measurements should be taken and the type, dose and frequency of any anti-asthma medication should be carefully recorded.
Capillography
An excellent test for allergies, especially food and chemical sensitivities, this test was adapted from a non-invasive test for heart and circulation diseases. While not specific for Candida, it will often indicate a disturbed physical condition.
*60\145\2*

THE CANDIDA-ASTHMA CONNECTION: DIAGNOSIS METHODSQuestionnairesAll questionnaires, including the one that follows, will help you or your therapist to diagnose candida-related problems, therefore one of the most important tools for the diagnosis of candidiasis remains a thorough medical history.In many cases a questionnaire is enough to establish at least a connection between your health problems and Candida albicans. One must be careful, however, not to rely exclusively on questionnaires because, apart from being a subjective interpretation, they may not differentiate between Candida infections or allergies as a cause, and Candida as a symptom of disease.The most often forgotten point when relying on questionnaires is the fact that Candida albicans is an opportunistic organism and is therefore likely to cause problems as a result of something else which has upset the body’s balance in general and immunity in particular. If this is not recognised and thoroughly investigated, it is possible to waste a lot of time treating the consequences (candida infection or allergy, which in such cases are only symptoms) of a problem which remains undetected, undiagnosed and untreated. The fact that someone may initially feel better, even a lot better, when treatment directed at Candida is first started does not necessarily mean that Candida was the problem. In fact, this is usually the case when someone tries to treat candidiasis with diet alone. There is little doubt that most people will feel better if they avoid junk foods and reduce refined carbohydrates and sweets. But they would feel better on such a regimen even if they did not suffer with a Candida problem. They would also feel better if they were allergic, hypoglycaemic or had a nutritional imbalance or deficiency.Doctors William Crook, Orion Truss and many other writers on the subject have included Candida questionnaires in their books. While some, like Dr Crook’s, are the most thorough and accurate available, others may need some updating for the 1990s. The reasons will become clear when you read the comments at the end of each question below.When to Suspect Candida1 If you have ever had vaginal thrush but this condition was only treated topically (vaginally) without the concurrent use of oral anti fungals and a suitable diet.• This point is almost invariably valid in establishing at least the possibility that Candida is involved in your health problems.2 If you have taken antibiotics, especially of the broad-spectrum variety, many times during childhood and again later on.• This is also a good indication that Candida is a possibility. In addition, many people have taken antibiotics without ever knowing it simply because antibiotics are added to the feed of chicken, cows and pigs.3 If you have suffered with recurrent ear infections, tinea, athlete’s foot, nail infections (paronychia), skin rashes, nappy rashes, oral thrush, colic, jock itch and allergies during infancy, childhood or since.• This is a very good pointer, provided one understands clearly that all the symptoms mentioned are also possible results of hereditary allergies, depressed immunity and, in some cases, diseases like diabetes, AIDS and post-viral syndromes. All these are factors which can be investigated with reasonable accuracy through blood tests and further questioning and examination.4 If your problems started after taking the oral contraceptive.• This is often quite valid, unless the problem is a hormonal one.5 If you are, or have been pregnant and have (had) symptoms of vaginal thrush at the time.• Usually a valid point.6 If you suffer from any type (there are at least five) of premenstrual syndrome.• This is also a valid pointer, but you need to exclude the many possible causes for each type of PMS, such as APICH (Auto-immune Polyendocrinopathy Immune-dysregulation Candidiasis Hypersensitivy), thyroid problems, hormonal imbalances, hyperoestrogenism, and so on.7 If you have suffered from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis.• Both PID and endometriosis may be caused by a variety of factors but, if no cause has been found for their occurrence, the symptoms may be associated with undiagnosed candidiasis.8 If you have or have had recurring nasal polyps.• This may be due to a respiratory allergy to moulds as well as other factors, although a Candida infection or allergy can be a triggering or contributing factor.9 If you have been treated with immuno-suppressive drugs such as steroids; cortisone; and prednisolone for skin problems, asthma, arthritis.• A very valid point, provided one understands clearly that the patient must be thoroughly evaluated first to exclude the many other possible side effects of such drugs.10 If your symptoms seem to be aggravated when you eatfoods containing yeast or moulds.• A valid point but further tests are always needed to differentiate between infection and allergy.11 If your symptoms tend to come on, or get worse, duringwet weather, on humid days, or when exposed to damp-ness, as in cellars, attics and so on.• Quite valid but again, a common sign of moulds allergy or intolerance. This is especially so if many of the symptoms involve the ear, nose, throat and chest and manifest as sinusitis, hay fever or asthma.12 If you feel tired out on damp days or after working in thegarden in wet days.• Especially valid in cases of Candida, mould/fungi allergies.13 If you are uncomfortable around chemical pollutionsuch as cigarette smoke, petrol fumes, gas heater,insecticides and perfumes.• Although chronic Candida can trigger allergies and reduce resistance to the point where one becomes sensitive to all sorts of chemicals, such hypersensitivity is also very common in asthmatics as well as universal reactors, chronic fatigue syndrome (ME), chemical overloading/allergy, post-viral syndrome, chronic Epstein Barr, CMV, HSC post-viral syndromes and, of course, in cases of environmental illnesses. You must bear in mind, however, that Candida is a very common symptom of all those conditions. Note that it is possible for Candida albicans to facilitate, trigger or provoke those conditions as well.14 If you experience recurrent craving for sweets, alcoholand carbohydrates.• Not a valid point for several reasons. First of all, cravings are associated with many other conditions such as allergies (one tends to crave what one is allergic to) and hypoglycaemia. Secondly, although many people suffering with Candida do indeed crave sweets, many actually crave the opposite type of foods — salty, cheese snacks or foods derived from or containing yeast, moulds or fungi or fermented foods. Often these will make them feel better for a while (like a hypoglycaemic eating sweets), only to cause a rebound worsening of the symptoms later on. This is especially so when the thyroid is involved, as it is in cases of APICH.15 If you suffer from depression.• This is one of the least valid indicators and can have dire consequences unless looked at very carefully. Depression can simply be an emotional state which results from a disease and clinical depression is a condition in its own right. It is also difficult, if not impossible, to be ill for a time without being depressed about it. That ‘about it’ is the key to many hidden dangers for  the  unsophisticated  diagnostician, because if one is depressed in general, then the clinical depression can have many very different causes, from a vitamin B12 deficiency or a lack of sunshine all the way to chemical overloading or CFS and anything in between.16 If you are continuously tired for no reason.• While chronic tiredness can be a useful clue, it can’t be assumed that it is caused by Candida. So many diseases, from cancer to anaemia, and so many factors, from financial difficulties to overwork, can make one feel tired all the time.17 If you have problems concentrating, rememberingthings and a general feeling of being spaced out.• A primary symptom of chemical overloading and multiple chemical hypersensitivity syndrome (MCHS), it is nevertheless common in many other conditions such as CFS, PVS, early Alzheimer’s and hypoglycaemia. It is, however, also associated with chronic candidiasis.18 If you have problems controlling your weight.• While it is true that Candida sufferers often have weight problems it is equally true that one can be overweight, as well as tired, with PMS, bloating and skin rashes, as a result of a low thyroid, poor liver clearance of oestrogen and at least a dozen other causes.19 If you experience recurring sore throats, nasal con-gestion, hay fever, sinusitis or ear infections.• Also common with allergies, poor immunity, intolerances, post-viral syndromes and CFS.20 If you crave or have a subconscious preference for yeastderived or yeast containing foods such as cheeses, beer,wines, commercial fruit juices and vinegar.• This is sometimes a sign of a need for supplementation with the amino acid L tyrosine.21 If you find sweets give you a pick up but you feel worselater on.• This condition is always associated with hypoglycaemia and allergies but does not necessarily involve Candida problems.22 If you have experienced recurring ear infection or havehad ‘glue ear’ as a child.• A valid point, especially if you note that glue ear is associated with allergies and that these can predispose one to recurrent Candida infections. In addition, multiple pregnancies, chronic or repeated infections, a diet very high in sugar, recurrent cystitis, loss of libido (sexual desire) and skin problems are signs of possible Candida overgrowth or sensitisation. Affected people tend to react to yeasty, sugary foods in one of two ways: they either feel worse and suffer an aggravation of their symptoms or get a temporary lift in energy and mood.Diagnosis by ExaminationA thorough examination of the throat, ear, nose and skin can be very helpful in establishing the presence or effects of Candida infections. Especially so when one knows that the throat area is one of the most common and plentiful reservoirs of Candida albicans. This may seem rather obvious to the lay reader but I can assure you that I have seen patients who told me they had their local GP diagnose or not diagnose Candida without even looking at their mouth, let alone ears, nose and skin!At the same time lung function measurements should be taken and the type, dose and frequency of any anti-asthma medication should be carefully recorded.CapillographyAn excellent test for allergies, especially food and chemical sensitivities, this test was adapted from a non-invasive test for heart and circulation diseases. While not specific for Candida, it will often indicate a disturbed physical condition.*60\145\2*

Posted in Asthma | No Comments »

TYPE II DIABETES AND WEIGHT PROBLEMS: SLOW TWO-STEP

February 7th, 2011

There are only two ways to lose weight:
•   One is to eat less food than you have been eating in the past.
•   Two is to exercise more than you have been doing in the past.
The trick behind success in weight loss and control is to balance these two activities so the efforts are comfortable and lasting.
Yes, if you want to maintain an ideal weight for the rest of your life, you will have to eat less and be more physically active. There is no way you can go back to your old ways and achieve success. You have to change your lifestyle to a new, better and healthier one.
Don’t expect that your battle of the bulge will be a quick one. You have added those kilograms on your hips and waistline by eating small amounts of food in excess of what your body really needs, over the past few decades. You may have started to overeat during childhood when your mother told you to clean your plate. You may have started to overeat during your teens when you found out you weren’t the most popular student. Or you may have started to overeat when you began to be stressed out by your job.
For you, overeating may not have been doubling the size of your food portions. It may only have been an extra scoop of ice-cream in your nightly snack. That scoop of ice-cream, at the end of one year, produced 2.5 extra kilograms of weight, usually in the form of stored fat. If you have had this ice-cream habit, with all other food intake and exercise expenditure equal, for the past ten years, you now carry twenty-five extra kilograms.
Now you can cut out the ice-cream, not change anything else, and ten years from now you may be twenty-five kilograms lighter. But there are more effective and faster ways for you to fight the fat monster. The first thing to remember is that you should approach weight control as a long-term lifestyle change. Don’t expect to change your eating and exercise habits overnight.
Don’t be tempted by the quick weight-loss diets touted on TV and in magazines. Most people who go on quick weight-loss diets eventually gain back all the weight they originally lost—and possibly more. The next time they try a quick weight-loss diet, they find it is more difficult to drop kilos and much easier to gain them back. If you’re tempted to follow this kind of weight-off, weight-on diet cycle (often called the yo-yo syndrome), you would be far better off to stay with your presently overweight body and not attempt any weight loss programme at all.
You can lose weight by cutting down on food or by increasing exercise. Either of these two approaches can work alone, but your weight-loss programme will be much more effective when you do both things at the same time. When you cut kilojoules and increase physical activity at the same time, weight loss becomes easier.
*39/210/5*

TYPE II DIABETES AND WEIGHT PROBLEMS: SLOW TWO-STEPThere are only two ways to lose weight:•   One is to eat less food than you have been eating in the past.•   Two is to exercise more than you have been doing in the past.The trick behind success in weight loss and control is to balance these two activities so the efforts are comfortable and lasting.Yes, if you want to maintain an ideal weight for the rest of your life, you will have to eat less and be more physically active. There is no way you can go back to your old ways and achieve success. You have to change your lifestyle to a new, better and healthier one.Don’t expect that your battle of the bulge will be a quick one. You have added those kilograms on your hips and waistline by eating small amounts of food in excess of what your body really needs, over the past few decades. You may have started to overeat during childhood when your mother told you to clean your plate. You may have started to overeat during your teens when you found out you weren’t the most popular student. Or you may have started to overeat when you began to be stressed out by your job.For you, overeating may not have been doubling the size of your food portions. It may only have been an extra scoop of ice-cream in your nightly snack. That scoop of ice-cream, at the end of one year, produced 2.5 extra kilograms of weight, usually in the form of stored fat. If you have had this ice-cream habit, with all other food intake and exercise expenditure equal, for the past ten years, you now carry twenty-five extra kilograms.Now you can cut out the ice-cream, not change anything else, and ten years from now you may be twenty-five kilograms lighter. But there are more effective and faster ways for you to fight the fat monster. The first thing to remember is that you should approach weight control as a long-term lifestyle change. Don’t expect to change your eating and exercise habits overnight.Don’t be tempted by the quick weight-loss diets touted on TV and in magazines. Most people who go on quick weight-loss diets eventually gain back all the weight they originally lost—and possibly more. The next time they try a quick weight-loss diet, they find it is more difficult to drop kilos and much easier to gain them back. If you’re tempted to follow this kind of weight-off, weight-on diet cycle (often called the yo-yo syndrome), you would be far better off to stay with your presently overweight body and not attempt any weight loss programme at all.You can lose weight by cutting down on food or by increasing exercise. Either of these two approaches can work alone, but your weight-loss programme will be much more effective when you do both things at the same time. When you cut kilojoules and increase physical activity at the same time, weight loss becomes easier.*39/210/5*

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PALPITATIONS AND PASSING OUT (ARRHYTHMIAS): PROBLEMS WITH CONTROL BY THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

January 21st, 2011

Inappropriate function of the autonomic nervous system may cause abnormally slow heartbeats or, more often, pauses’. The reflexes that automatically control the heartbeat temporarily seen to go haywire in some people. One of these reflexes seems to have its basis in evolution: in certain animals, such as walruses, the heartbeats are known slow down abruptly to an extraordinary degree when they dive into frigid waters. This decrease reduces the rate at which they usej up energy and oxygen so they can remain submerged longer.
Some people have pauses (and subsequent symptoms) because the part of the autonomic nervous system that promotes heart slowness suddenly does its job too well. Occasionally, this change can actually be provoked. For example, a tight necktie or collar may press on a region of the carotid artery in the neck tailed the carotid sinus. Nerves running through the neck at this point become activated by this pressure and may send a “slow down” message to the sinus node of the heart.  (Don’t confuse the carotid sinus and the sinus node—they are entirely different structures.) If you are too sensitive to the “slow down” signal, your heart may not just slow down a little (which would be normal), but it may actually stop for 5, 10 or even more seconds. The result is syncope. This type of syncope is called “carotid sinus hypersensitivity.”
Other factors may activate the “slowing” part of the autonomic nervous system, such as straining at a bowel movement, urinating, gagging, or applying pressure to the eyeballs.
Doctors check for evidence of autonomic nervous system malfunction in people who report syncope by pressing (or massaging) on the carotid sinus while watching an electrocardiogram monitor. The doctor checks beforehand to make sure there is no evidence of blockage in the carotid artery, because the massage may aggravate it and precipitate a stroke.
Sometimes pain, fear, exhaustion, or low blood pressure can provoke bradycardia as well as further lowering of the blood pressure. When this happens you may faint. “Simple fainting” (also referred to as vasovagal syncope) usually be distinguished from other more serious causes of loss of consciousness by the circumstances and by the associated symptoms. Typically, fainting is preceded by sweatiness, nausea, a prickly sensation in skin, pallor, and at least a few seconds of “graying out” before the actual blackout occurs. This response is different from carotid sinus hypersensitivity or other types of syncope in which the passing out is characteristically abrupt, with little or no warning.
*179\252\8*

PALPITATIONS AND PASSING OUT (ARRHYTHMIAS): PROBLEMS WITH CONTROL BY THE NERVOUS SYSTEMInappropriate function of the autonomic nervous system may cause abnormally slow heartbeats or, more often, pauses’. The reflexes that automatically control the heartbeat temporarily seen to go haywire in some people. One of these reflexes seems to have its basis in evolution: in certain animals, such as walruses, the heartbeats are known slow down abruptly to an extraordinary degree when they dive into frigid waters. This decrease reduces the rate at which they usej up energy and oxygen so they can remain submerged longer.Some people have pauses (and subsequent symptoms) because the part of the autonomic nervous system that promotes heart slowness suddenly does its job too well. Occasionally, this change can actually be provoked. For example, a tight necktie or collar may press on a region of the carotid artery in the neck tailed the carotid sinus. Nerves running through the neck at this point become activated by this pressure and may send a “slow down” message to the sinus node of the heart.  (Don’t confuse the carotid sinus and the sinus node—they are entirely different structures.) If you are too sensitive to the “slow down” signal, your heart may not just slow down a little (which would be normal), but it may actually stop for 5, 10 or even more seconds. The result is syncope. This type of syncope is called “carotid sinus hypersensitivity.”Other factors may activate the “slowing” part of the autonomic nervous system, such as straining at a bowel movement, urinating, gagging, or applying pressure to the eyeballs.Doctors check for evidence of autonomic nervous system malfunction in people who report syncope by pressing (or massaging) on the carotid sinus while watching an electrocardiogram monitor. The doctor checks beforehand to make sure there is no evidence of blockage in the carotid artery, because the massage may aggravate it and precipitate a stroke.Sometimes pain, fear, exhaustion, or low blood pressure can provoke bradycardia as well as further lowering of the blood pressure. When this happens you may faint. “Simple fainting” (also referred to as vasovagal syncope) usually be distinguished from other more serious causes of loss of consciousness by the circumstances and by the associated symptoms. Typically, fainting is preceded by sweatiness, nausea, a prickly sensation in skin, pallor, and at least a few seconds of “graying out” before the actual blackout occurs. This response is different from carotid sinus hypersensitivity or other types of syncope in which the passing out is characteristically abrupt, with little or no warning.*179\252\8*

TRANS-FATS

January 14th, 2011

One of the reasons why omega-6 fats may be a problem for breast cancer is that as they are so unstable, and are often the subject of chemical extraction processes that damage the oils, they may become
I the source of rogue ‘free radicals’ – damaging compounds which corrupt healthy cells. In this way they may initiate cancer in the first place, and also burden the body’s immune system. Another reason may be an excess of omega-6 fats when compared to omega-3 fats, probably due to our reliance on margarines and vegetable cooking oils.
Under particular suspicion are the so-called unsaturated fats-hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated margarines. These have undergone a process to turn a liquid oil (such as sunflower oil) into a fat which is solid at room temperature. This is why I call them ‘so-called’ as they have become ‘honorary’ saturated fats by processing. They are even more problematic than natural saturated fats since they contain ‘trans-fats’ which are highly damaging. Margarines are cheap and stable and are therefore beloved of food manufacturers. Manufactured products such as biscuits, potato crisps, pies, cakes and pastries will have hydrogenated fats as an ingredient because they allow for a long shelf-life. While manufacturers claim that a small percentage of their overall ingredients have been turned into trans-fats (2-17 per cent), what they don’t tell you is that it has been shown that these fats accumulate in women’s breasts, and particularly so in women with breast cancer. Here they can damage cell membranes and interfere with correct hormone and prostaglandin function.
Trans-fats are also created when oils are extracted by chemical processes, a process which is used as an alternative to pressing which would provide a low yield, or where the appearance or flavour of the oil needs to be altered. For example, grape seed oil or avocado oil is naturally dark and unpleasant-tasting in the raw, so chemical solvents are used to extract the oils. As com has a low fat content, extremely high temperatures and toxic solvents are used to extract the oil efficiently, and the same is often true of soya oil. These processes make the oils high in trans-fats and chemical residues.
*69\240\2*

TRANS-FATSOne of the reasons why omega-6 fats may be a problem for breast cancer is that as they are so unstable, and are often the subject of chemical extraction processes that damage the oils, they may becomeI the source of rogue ‘free radicals’ – damaging compounds which corrupt healthy cells. In this way they may initiate cancer in the first place, and also burden the body’s immune system. Another reason may be an excess of omega-6 fats when compared to omega-3 fats, probably due to our reliance on margarines and vegetable cooking oils.     Under particular suspicion are the so-called unsaturated fats-hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated margarines. These have undergone a process to turn a liquid oil (such as sunflower oil) into a fat which is solid at room temperature. This is why I call them ‘so-called’ as they have become ‘honorary’ saturated fats by processing. They are even more problematic than natural saturated fats since they contain ‘trans-fats’ which are highly damaging. Margarines are cheap and stable and are therefore beloved of food manufacturers. Manufactured products such as biscuits, potato crisps, pies, cakes and pastries will have hydrogenated fats as an ingredient because they allow for a long shelf-life. While manufacturers claim that a small percentage of their overall ingredients have been turned into trans-fats (2-17 per cent), what they don’t tell you is that it has been shown that these fats accumulate in women’s breasts, and particularly so in women with breast cancer. Here they can damage cell membranes and interfere with correct hormone and prostaglandin function.     Trans-fats are also created when oils are extracted by chemical processes, a process which is used as an alternative to pressing which would provide a low yield, or where the appearance or flavour of the oil needs to be altered. For example, grape seed oil or avocado oil is naturally dark and unpleasant-tasting in the raw, so chemical solvents are used to extract the oils. As com has a low fat content, extremely high temperatures and toxic solvents are used to extract the oil efficiently, and the same is often true of soya oil. These processes make the oils high in trans-fats and chemical residues.*69\240\2*

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RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: EXERCISES FOR PEOPLE WITH CONTROLLED JOINTS

January 7th, 2011

The stable or inactive joint is one which was previously inflamed but is now under satisfactory control. It is not necessarily a normal joint because damage may have occurred in the past and changed its appearance and function.
Controlled or stable joints are generally not warm to the touch. They also display only minimal morning stiffness and tenderness. They may appear enlarged but are usually not filled with fluid.
Exercise recommendations for controlled joints depend on the amount of damage remaining as a consequence of past inflammation. General guidelines include the following:
1.  Continue daily range-of-motion exercises with a maximum of ten repetitions. You can decrease number of repetitions to two or three when maximal range of motion has been obtained.
Goal: Maintain and increase motion and flexibility.
Precautions: Cut back repetitions if increased pain or swelling becomes evident.
2.  Continue isometric strengthening exercises as with moderately inflamed joints. Once maximum strength is achieved you will be able to cut down on these exercises and devote more time to aerobic exercise. Your therapist may also suggest a form of isotonic exercise with small weights if your joints are under excellent control and do not show any sign of significant damage.
Goal: Increase strength
Precautions: All strengthening exercise programs should be reviewed with your doctor or therapist. Placing inappropriate stress on damaged joints can result in increased deformity. Never use weights without checking first with your doctor or therapist.
3. Endurance exercises are most important in this stage to help you regain aerobic conditioning lost when the arthritis was more active. Swimming is still the best form of exercise, but other forms of low-impact aerobics may be considered (for example, walking, bicycling and low-impact dancing). Half an hour of aerobic exercise three times weekly will increase your fitness. As you grow stronger and spend more time with endurance exercises, you can eliminate most of your strengthening and range-of-motion exercises, although it is a good idea to continue range-of-motion exercises with affected joints. This will prevent shrinking or shortening of the muscle.
Goal: Increase endurance and fitness.
Precautions: Review all aerobic exercises with your physician, who is familiar with your degree of joint damage and other specific health problems that may interfere with aerobic exercise.
*76/209/5*

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: EXERCISES FOR PEOPLE WITH CONTROLLED JOINTSThe stable or inactive joint is one which was previously inflamed but is now under satisfactory control. It is not necessarily a normal joint because damage may have occurred in the past and changed its appearance and function.Controlled or stable joints are generally not warm to the touch. They also display only minimal morning stiffness and tenderness. They may appear enlarged but are usually not filled with fluid.Exercise recommendations for controlled joints depend on the amount of damage remaining as a consequence of past inflammation. General guidelines include the following:1.  Continue daily range-of-motion exercises with a maximum of ten repetitions. You can decrease number of repetitions to two or three when maximal range of motion has been obtained.Goal: Maintain and increase motion and flexibility. Precautions: Cut back repetitions if increased pain or swelling becomes evident.2.  Continue isometric strengthening exercises as with moderately inflamed joints. Once maximum strength is achieved you will be able to cut down on these exercises and devote more time to aerobic exercise. Your therapist may also suggest a form of isotonic exercise with small weights if your joints are under excellent control and do not show any sign of significant damage.Goal: Increase strengthPrecautions: All strengthening exercise programs should be reviewed with your doctor or therapist. Placing inappropriate stress on damaged joints can result in increased deformity. Never use weights without checking first with your doctor or therapist.3. Endurance exercises are most important in this stage to help you regain aerobic conditioning lost when the arthritis was more active. Swimming is still the best form of exercise, but other forms of low-impact aerobics may be considered (for example, walking, bicycling and low-impact dancing). Half an hour of aerobic exercise three times weekly will increase your fitness. As you grow stronger and spend more time with endurance exercises, you can eliminate most of your strengthening and range-of-motion exercises, although it is a good idea to continue range-of-motion exercises with affected joints. This will prevent shrinking or shortening of the muscle. Goal: Increase endurance and fitness.Precautions: Review all aerobic exercises with your physician, who is familiar with your degree of joint damage and other specific health problems that may interfere with aerobic exercise.*76/209/5*

SCHIZOPHRENIA AND ALTERED STATES: ALTERED STATES AND THE HYPNOTIC PROCESSES

December 29th, 2010

Hypnosis, one of the ancestors of modern psychology, is a method of altering states of consciousness or, rather, for getting around consciousness and accessing unconscious secondary processes. Spontaneous alterations of consciousness (i.e., of the primary process) as they occur in schizophrenia where the secondary process becomes primary and the earlier primary one becomes secondary are natural and meaningful conditions which one frequently finds in psychology and medicine. The following illustrate some examples of various processes which operate in hypnotic-like fashion. Seeing that these states occur in all of us will enable us to gain a greater appreciation for the reversals which occur in schizophrenia.
BECOMING A HYPNOTIST
A hypnotist can control, in Herr B.’s mind at least, the states of consciousness which he is subjected to. Hence, his interest in becoming a hypnotist is similar to the drive to become a psychiatrist or psychologist; one wants to understand and control what happens. If Herr BC does not learn how to do it consciously, then he will unconsciously slip into becoming a healer or a Jesus figure. Thus, in his normal state, the way he is now, he is asking for integration , of the experiences he had when he was in a psychotic episode.
*62\227\8*

SCHIZOPHRENIA AND ALTERED STATES: ALTERED STATES AND THE HYPNOTIC PROCESSESHypnosis, one of the ancestors of modern psychology, is a method of altering states of consciousness or, rather, for getting around consciousness and accessing unconscious secondary processes. Spontaneous alterations of consciousness (i.e., of the primary process) as they occur in schizophrenia where the secondary process becomes primary and the earlier primary one becomes secondary are natural and meaningful conditions which one frequently finds in psychology and medicine. The following illustrate some examples of various processes which operate in hypnotic-like fashion. Seeing that these states occur in all of us will enable us to gain a greater appreciation for the reversals which occur in schizophrenia.BECOMING A HYPNOTISTA hypnotist can control, in Herr B.’s mind at least, the states of consciousness which he is subjected to. Hence, his interest in becoming a hypnotist is similar to the drive to become a psychiatrist or psychologist; one wants to understand and control what happens. If Herr BC does not learn how to do it consciously, then he will unconsciously slip into becoming a healer or a Jesus figure. Thus, in his normal state, the way he is now, he is asking for integration , of the experiences he had when he was in a psychotic episode.*62\227\8*

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